Dental Braces Brampton
Dental braces or braces are also called as orthodontic cases. These devices are utilized to reorient and straighten teeth which helps to position them properly with respect to the person’s bite, while working to improve dental health. The procedure is part of orthodontics and is used to remediate a range of issue from under, over, deep, cross and open bites, maladjustments of teeth, crooked teeth, too various other issues of teeth and jaw.
Braces work by moving the teeth by exerting force and pressure on the teeth. As the movement of teeth needs to be done slowly, otherwise loss of teeth may occur, braces are commonly used, on average, for two and a half years during which time adjustments are done slowly (a tooth usually moves about a millimeter per month) around every three or four weeks.
Four elements form the basic structure required to move and align the teeth which are: brackets, bonding material, arch wire, and ligature elastic. Under the constant pressure exerted by arch wire on brackets and the teeth, the periodontal membrane stretches on one side and is compressed on the other and the teeth start to move into the proper position over time.
Over time the tooth loosens and then new bone grows in to support the tooth in its new position called bone remodeling, which is a bio-mechanical process forming, stronger bone in response to heavy load (like the force exerted by the braces), and weaker bone in response to small load or absence of load.
Types of braces:
Metal wired braces: There are many variants of these types. The most common one are usually made of stainless steel. These are the most common type of braces, having a metal bracket with a rubber band holding the wire onto the metal brackets.
Self ligating metal braces: A variant of these braces are that in which the wire goes through the bracket, so don’t require elastic rubber band.
Titanium metal braces: These are made of titanium and are lighter and but as strong as stainless steel braces. These are used when a person is allergic to the nickel in steel, however, these more expensive than stainless steel braces.
Gold-plated stainless steel braces: This is another variation used for patients allergic to nickel present in stainless steel, along with it, some patients prefer its golden look.
Clear braces: The brackets in these are made of ceramic or plastic materials braces which blends in more with the natural color of the teeth, thus, appear to be hidden. Clear or white elastic ties metal ties are used along with these to these braces more unnoticeable.
Self ligating clear braces: In these the wire joins the brackets without the need of the wires.
Lingual braces: These are custom made braces are which are made to bond to the back of the teeth making them externally invisible.
Progressive clear removable aligners: These work only by tilting or rotating the teeth unlike the traditional braces which can parallel shift the whole tooth. These are hardly noticeable on the teeth and work to gradually move the teeth into their right position without the need for wires or tightening. Example of such braces are Invisalign braces.
Major benefits of Braces:
There are a number of benefits of reorienting and straightening the teeth, some of which are as follows:
– Reduced appearance consciousness during critical development years.
– A more attractive smile.
– Better functioning of the teeth.
– Possible increase in self-confidence.
– Guides permanent teeth into more favorable positions.
– Increased dental hygiene and ability to clean the teeth.
– Improved force distribution and wear patterns of the teeth.
– Better long-term health of teeth and gums.
– Reduce the risk of injury to protruded front teeth.
– Aids in optimizing other dental treatments.
The most common side effects after the procedure is pain and discomfort which may cause difficulty in eating for some time. During this time, eating soft foods can help avoid additional pressure on teeth.
Consideration needs to be given to the fact that changes in the shape of the face, jaw and cheekbones may occur as a result of braces. It is important for a patient to discuss these potential changes before starting treatment.
Proper care needs to taken, as otherwise, braces can get damaged. It is prudent to wear a mouth guard to prevent breakage and mouth injury when playing sports.
Proper oral hygiene needs to be maintained while wearing braces as plaque forms easily when food is retained in and around braces. Certain sticky or hard foods like raw carrots and toffee should be avoided as these can damage the braces, which can, prolong the treatment.
There is a small chance of allergic reaction to the elastics or to the metal used in braces, which can be avoided by first testing for sensitivity and then choosing the appropriate braces among the range of types of braces available.