One of the biggest causes of tooth decay is the buildup of plaque which creates an environment in which bacteria will erode tooth enamel, cause gum irritation, inflammation or bleeding, and infect the inner workings of the tooth such as the pulp and roots. Plaque can also attack any dental work you have had done, and may lead to costly repairs down the road.
During the decaying process, gums will often pull away from the teeth and infection will develop that eats away at the underlying bone structure and destroy the inner tissues of the tooth. In extreme cases, a tooth can be lost altogether.
Intake of carbonated beverages and foods rich in sugar should limited, including fruit juices which often have high sugar content.
Gum disease, medically referred to as periodontal disease, is an inflammatory gum disease that breaks down the tissue and bone structures that support the teeth and gums. Signs of gum disease can include pain, heightened sensitivity and bleeding.
Bad Breath (Halitosis)
Bas breath, also known as halitosis, is most often caused by decaying particles of food and lingering bacteria that cause odor. When halitosis persists or advances it becomes known as chronic halitosis.
While there are numerous products available to freshen breath temporarily, it is more effective to address the origin of the problem: bacteria and decaying food particles left in the spaces between teeth, on the gums and on the tongue.
Proper oral hygiene, such as brushing at least twice daily , flossing and rinsing are the most effective methods to diminish and eliminate bad breath and reduce the chances of developing plaque and gingivitis. Using an anti-bacterial mouthwash may also be helpful.
Regular dental checkups are also critical.
Other conditions can contribute to bad breath, such as gum disease, eating certain foods, medications or poor health habits such as smoking.Note that in some cases, persistent halitosis may be a sign of a more serious underlying health issue, such as a gastrointestinal, respiratory or sinus ailment.
If you suffer from chronic halitosis, you should confer with a dental professional to potentially rule out more serious causes and get to the heart of the issue.