Root Canal is a dental treatment, also known as endodontic treatment, which saves a tooth from extraction. Root Canal is a dental process to save a decaying tooth. Root Canals are the canals in a tooth which contains pulp, which is composed of nerve tissue, lymph tissue and blood vessels. The total number of root canals in a tooth depends on the tooth which can range from one to four, five or six in some cases as well. A tooth is made up of three layers; top most is enamel (hard protective shell), middle is dentin (a softer and sensitive layer) and the inner most layer is a soft tissue (with dental pulp).
If there are prolonged deep dental cavities, oral bacteria will disinfect the pulp. Once the dental pulp is infected, it will lead to severe pain to the infected person. Some symptoms of root canal are: Severe pain, especially upon chewing or applying pressure; prolonged sensitivity to hot and cold; Discoloration of tooth; and Swelling of gums. These symptoms as well radiography image of tooth will guide a Dentist to understand whether a root canal treatment will be beneficial rather than extracting the tooth.
In root canal treatment, your Dentist understands the need and tries to save the tooth from extraction by performing this treatment. In this treatment, the infected pulp is removed completely from the canals and they are filled with flexible nickel titanium. Then depending on the remaining tooth, dentist either do permanently filling on the open part of the tooth or use a crown to protect the tooth.
Root canal is the best treatment known as it saves a decaying tooth from getting extracted. There is nothing same as an original teeth and this treatment protects the original teeth. The tooth which was infected with bacteria due to deep cavity not being cured on time is cured from infection using root canal treatment.